Pre-Kindergarten Curriculum

Overview and Highlights

Cambridge Friends School encourages Pre-Kindergarten students to be adventurers, anthropologists, detectives, and scientists as they examine the world around them and integrate their discoveries into what they already know. The early childhood program at Cambridge Friends School is designed to help them learn through multiple channels, including self-directed play, exploration, social interactions, movement, watching others work, listening, and experimenting. Learning by doing and using concrete manipulatives and construction materials support children’s practice of academic skills and concepts as well as their understanding of three-dimensional objects and design.


They are also bursting with energy and their healthy development includes copious amounts of time outdoors and the active use of large and small muscles and coordination. Their time in Pre-Kindergarten encompasses high-energy play as well as small amounts of developmentally appropriate structured school expectations, such as sitting for class meetings and performing classroom jobs.


Teachers at Cambridge Friends School organically weave literacy into everyday interactions. For example, throughout the day, students have opportunities for book making, storytelling, reading the “Question of the Day” upon arrival, reading aloud and shared book reading, independent reading, and writing notes for use in play. One student might make signs for their pretend store in the dramatic play area, while another might write a “save” sign to put on a block structure. Myriad dramatic play scenarios presented by teachers or conceived by students provide ample opportunities for teachers to promote reading and writing as tools for communicating ideas.


Mathematical opportunities are abundant in our Pre-Kindergarten program and we promote a culture of curiosity, exploration, and practical experience. Routine class meeting activities and organic teachable moments provide opportunities to use a calendar, count, add, solve word problems, and organize and display data.

Social Studies

Social Studies learning at Cambridge Friends School is intertwined with the Quaker Testimonies. Throughout the year, students learn and discuss the themes of Simplicity, Peace, Integrity, Community, Equality, and Stewardship. Students also learn about “People of Inspiration” who exemplify these themes by working to make positive changes in the world currently or in the past. For example, Ruby Bridges is celebrated as a “Person of Inspiration,” and as exemplifying the Testimony of Equality. We highlight what the world and schools were like then, compared to the changes that have been made, and what schools (including our own) are like now. We try to alternate between popular and lesser-known heroes to inform and shine light on important people that the news and history do not typically illuminate.


Our goal is for each student to build on their natural curiosity and engagement with the physical world around them as they explore a range of topics from each of the four domains of science: life science, physical science, earth/space science, and technology/engineering. This work consists of emergent, student-directed explorations as well as some more structured experiences introduced by teachers such as caring for caterpillars and building and exploring simple machines. As they develop curricular experiences for students, classroom teachers make use of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and a variety of science curricula, as well as teacher-developed materials and investigations that respond to student interests.


The visual arts give students the opportunity to simultaneously learn with their hands, brains, eyes, and hearts. From the youngest ages, students build a repertoire of experiences upon which they can draw when they consider and interact with the material world. They develop visual, sensorial, and expressive languages, which they can apply when examining and making things throughout their lives.

Physical Education

Participation in physical activity and kinesthetic learning is critical to a child’s growing sense of self. With the objective of fostering a love of movement for a physically active lifestyle, physical education provides a learning environment for students to connect and learn through movement routines, skills-based activities, games, and sports. Also embedded within the physical education setting are incredible opportunities for students to learn and develop important life skills: resilience, time management, patience, conflict resolution, kindness, determination, and trust.


Students in Pre-Kindergarten are involved in a movement-based curriculum that focuses on strengthening gross motor skills and emphasizes boundaries, spatial awareness, loco-motor patterns, rhythmic movement, yoga, and hand-eye coordination using a multitude of materials (balls, hoops, ribbons, scooters, etc.).


Throughout the year, students in early childhood music classes engage with music through singing, creative movement, storytelling and dramatization, exploring and playing instruments, listening and composition/improvisation. The musical repertoire presents a variety of genres, reflecting diverse cultural traditions. Intimate performance opportunities offer students space to share their work in a supportive atmosphere at CFS. 


Students in the Pre-Kindergarten Library classes focus on learning about the Library, learning the difference between fiction and nonfiction, learning through stories about school, friendship and conflict resolution, and seasonal/holiday celebrations. Our students are exposed to stories about many cultural, historical, and religious celebrations and observances. and are invited to draw connections/parallels between their own significant celebrations and those of others.


Middle School Open House

We welcome prospective middle school students and families to join us for our evening Middle School Open House. Participate virtually in demo lessons with our expert faculty and learn more about our educational philosophy during this introduction to our unique Middle School program. Join us on November 18, 2020 from 7:00 – 8:30 pm for this exciting opportunity!