Kindergarten Curriculum

Overview and Highlights

In the Cambridge Friends School Kindergarten program, students develop foundational skills in academic areas, while beginning to understand their place as members of the classroom and community. They learn in different ways, including explicit instruction in mathematics, literacy, and social studies, projects, self-directed learning, teacher-supported activities, and play. The classroom environment is a key element of the curriculum and is carefully planned and stocked by teachers with specific developmental goals in mind and in response to childrens’ interests and needs. It’s design, offerings, and the organization of materials address the needs of students, inspire creativity and inquisitiveness, and scaffold the development of ideas and learning. 


The materials chosen are interesting, welcoming, and engaging. Spaces are designed for students to move their bodies, use large muscles and coordination, and accomplish fine motor challenges. There are swings, climbing walls, and gym mats that provide opportunities for students to develop gross motor skills and coordination, use energy, and develop ways to sooth themselves and self-regulate both physically and emotionally.


Students take ownership of the classroom space by taking on weekly classroom jobs and acting as environmental stewards through multi-grade composting and recycling programs. They develop an understanding of and respect for different identities and cultures and are empowered to stand up for justice, equity, and their beliefs. The Quaker value of continually seeking truth creates the backbone for students’ deep analytical approach to asking interpersonal, academic, practical, and philosophical questions. 


In Kindergarten, Cambridge Friends School uses the Wilson Language Fundations Program, teaching and learning direct skills and strategies for building strong readers and writers. Students will learn how to properly form letters and write using sound-spelling relationships. To achieve this, this program focuses on children’s phonological awareness, spelling, letter formation, word chunks, trick words, whole words, and sentences. 


In addition to direct instruction in Kindergarten, teachers at Cambridge Friends School organically weave literacy into everyday interactions. For example, throughout the day, students have opportunities for book making, storytelling, reading the “Question of the Day” upon arrival, reading aloud and shared reading, independent reading, and writing notes for use in play. One student might make signs for their pretend store in the dramatic play area, while another might write a “save” sign to put on a block structure. Young children’s excitement in communicating their thinking is channeled into skill building activities (such as journal, story, and note writing) and integrated into academic subjects.


Kindergarten students use the curriculum Investigations in Number, Data, and Space in Math Workshops. Investigations is a comprehensive program that provides opportunities to learn mathematical concepts (organized into four areas: number and operations, measurement, geometry, and data analyses) and disciplinary practices. These foundational disciplinary practices encourage students to think and behave like mathematicians. In Math Workshops, CFS scaffolds the development of a learning community and skills that support students’ abilities to take intellectual risks and work collaboratively, providing a foundation for students to build on in future years as group math work continues in later grades. Finally, throughout the program, students are provided planned opportunities and take advantage of naturally-occurring teachable moments in which they can count, record, measure, find patterns, and solve problems in their play and lives.

Social Studies

The life stories of “People of Inspiration” help students to learn about how people can embody values and to make connections to their actions in daily classroom life. Students learn about integrity through Barack Obama, Peace through Mahatma Gandhi, and Simplicity through George Fox.  Studying the life work of these people of inspiration allows students to see an illustration of the Testimonies in action. 


  • Integrated in both Pre-Kindergarten and Kindergarten classrooms, the social studies curriculum is grounded in the Quaker Testimonies of Peace, Integrity, Simplicity, Equality, Community, and Stewardship
  • Learning about George Fox and Margaret Fell helps students understand the activist roots of the Religious Society of Friends 
  • Students practice negotiation skills and the ability to work with others towards a mutual solution 
  • Exploration of different racial identities within the American context through the lens of influential historic characters and events such as Christopher Columbus’ story, and the Native/First Nations People and the White/European Peoples’ perspectives 
  • Personal identity exploration helps students to better understand their classmates’ participation in race-based affinity groups
  • Students are introduced to the concept of being an ally to others
  • Begin to understand people’s roles in families and the variety of family structures 
  • Understanding the influence of dominant culture on the stereotypical family unit 
  • Basic understanding of respecting the rights and property of others
  • Basic understanding of how people can affect change on both an interpersonal and global scale


Our goal is for each student to build on their natural curiosity and engagement with the physical world around them as they explore a range of topics from each of the four domains of science: life science, physical science, earth/space science, and technology/engineering. This work consists of emergent, student-directed explorations as well as some more structured experiences introduced by teachers such as caring for caterpillars and building and exploring simple machines. As they develop curricular experiences for students, classroom teachers make use of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and a variety of science curricula, as well as teacher-developed materials and investigations that respond to student interests.


Kindergarten students begin the year with an introduction to the studio environment. In the studio, students are presented with specific design or construction challenges, or questions to explore, using familiar materials. Young children are taught the specific ways to handle tools and materials safely and effectively, and then given room to explore their own ideas. As the year progresses, more unique and complex art making tools and processes are introduced to students. Some of the concepts explored in the art studio include recognizing colors, shapes, and patterns, identifying textures, and becoming familiar with the properties of particular materials. Students mix paint colors, collage with paper “treasure,” experiment with printmaking, build three-dimensional structures with recycled materials, mold with clay, and embroider with yarn and fabric.


Physical Education

Students in Kindergarten are involved in a movement-based curriculum that focuses on strengthening gross motor skills and emphasizes boundaries, spatial awareness, loco-motor patterns, rhythmic movement, and hand-eye coordination using a multitude of materials (balls, hoops, ribbons, scooters, etc.).


Kindergarten students come to music class once a week for forty-five minutes. Musical concepts and skills are developed through singing, movement, playing barred and percussion instruments, improvisation/composition, listening/critical response. The curriculum includes song games, introduction to instruments, listening activities, expressive movement, and improvisation. Students also prepare songs for performances for our assemblies including: Pride, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Significant Elders’ Day. 


The Kindergarten students come to the Library once each week, and they learn about the pleasures and responsibilities of being a library user. The children listen to and discuss stories that reflect and affirm the interests and concerns of the group, such as books about friendship, pets, food, holidays, and new situations. The Librarian gives the children suggestions of exciting reading possibilities, and they get great delight from choosing their own books to sign out.